Is India the Best Place for Cardiac Care?


All that matters to most parents who are expecting is having a healthy child who is ready for the challenges of the world. But occasionally, things don’t go as planned, and the child needs extra help going ahead when one of these situations comes, like when a child is born with a ventricular septal defect (VSD).

Fortunately, there is VSD closure surgery that makes it much easier to keep a child safe and healthy. India is the best destination for cardiac care as it has a healthcare infrastructure that provides affordable, comprehensive services.

This blog will delve into the VSD closure surgery costs in India and the factors that influence its costs.

What is VSD? How can it be Treated?

VSA is the most common congenital heart disease characterized by a hole in the septum of the heart. The septum separates the heart’s lower chambers (ventricles). While VSDs often require medical attention, advancements in healthcare, particularly in India, offer effective solutions, including VSD closure.

VSD occurs during fetal development when the septum fails to form fully. This condition’s exact cause is often unknown, but genetic factors and certain environmental influences may contribute to its development.

According to the Indian Academy of Pediatrics, around 2 lakh Indian children are born with different kinds of congenital heart disease, and at least 20% of them need early medical intervention.

With over 90% of these children reaching adulthood with a reasonably uncompromised long-term future, parents have an exceptional opportunity to combat VSD in babies when they have access to early screenings and diagnostics.

According to a study that was published in the Indian Journal of Child Health, 46% of VSD heart defects naturally closed. Out of all the different forms of ventricular septal defects, only about 25% of perimembranous VSDs and 80% of muscular VSDs are naturally closed. Large VSDs are less likely to shut on their own and more likely to be perimembranous.

A certain amount of medical or surgical intervention will be necessary for them. Just 12% of VSD patients, according to the study, had a family history of congenital heart disease.

What are the Treatment Options Available for VSD closure?

The approach to treating VSD depends on the size of the defect, the presence of symptoms, and the age and overall health of the individual. Treatment options include:


Small VSDs that are not causing significant symptoms may be monitored over time, as they might close on their own.


Specialists may prescribe medications to manage symptoms and prevent complications like infections. Medications may include diuretics or medications to improve heart function.

Surgical Closure:

Large or symptomatic VSDs may require surgical intervention. In this procedure, a surgeon repairs the hole in the septum, either by stitching it closed or by using a patch to cover the defect.

Transcatheter Closure:

A less invasive approach called transcatheter closure may be considered for certain VSDs, particularly those located in specific septum areas. In this procedure, a catheter is threaded through blood vessels to the heart, and a device such as a septal occluder is used to close the hole.

As this procedure deals with the delicate organs of the body, i.e., the heart, a trained surgeon is required to do it without any mistakes. India has the best cardiac specialists who are well-educated and trained from reputed national and international institutions.

One of the best Cardiac surgeons in India is Dr. Vivek Jawali. He is a well-renowned and highly experienced Cardiac Surgeon in India.

He has an experience of more than 40 years in this field. He has successfully performed more than 18,000 Cardiothoracic vascular surgeries.

His areas of expertise include VSD closure surgery, laparoscopic surgery, cardiac ablation, cardiac catheterization, carotid angioplasty & stenting, coronary angiogram, etc.

Dr. Vivek was India’s first Cardiac Surgeon who performed the first beating heart bypass surgery in 1992 and the first minimally invasive bypass surgery in 1994 in India. He was also recognized with various awards, such as the BC Roy Award for medical excellence.

What is the Average Cost of VSD Closure Surgery in India?

Before knowing the surgery cost, one should know the factors that decide the overall cost of the VSD closure surgery in India. Some of the factors are:

Diagnostic Costs:

Diagnostic tests, including echocardiograms, electrocardiograms (ECG or EKG), and imaging studies are necessary for VSD diagnosis. These tests help assess the size, location, and severity of the VSD. This contributes to the overall costs of the surgery.

Consultation Fees and Preoperative Evaluation:

The cost of the preoperative evaluation and consultation fees are also included in the overall cost of the surgery.  

VSD Closure Procedure Costs:

The costs can also vary depending on the type of closure technique used (surgical or transcatheter), the complexity of the VSD, and the hospital’s facilities. Surgical closure may involve higher costs due to the need for anesthesia, operating room use, and postoperative care.

Hospitalization Costs:

Hospitalization costs cover the room charges, nursing care, medications, and any additional tests or services required during the postoperative period. The duration of hospital stay can impact the overall costs.

Type of Closure Technique:

Transcatheter VSD closure, a less invasive approach, may have different associated costs than traditional surgical closure. Factors such as the type of device used for closure can influence expenses.

Follow-up Visits and Tests:

Postoperative follow-up visits, echocardiograms, and other tests are essential for monitoring recovery and ensuring the success of the VSD closure. These ongoing medical appointments contribute to the overall costs.

Potential Complications and Additional Expenses:

While rare, complications can occur after VSD closure, necessitating additional medical interventions or procedures. Being prepared for potential unforeseen expenses is part of financial planning.

Depending upon the above factors, the average cost of the VSD closure surgery in India ranges from Rs. 2,50,000 to Rs. 5,00,000. 

Addressing VSD through closure procedures has become a well-established practice in India, offering hope and improved quality of life for those affected. The VSD closure surgery cost in India is more affordable than in many other countries, attracting many international patients.

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