Although there is no cure for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), numerous medications and procedures can alleviate symptoms and improve quality of life. Because each individual’s condition is unique, your doctor will help you determine the treatments that will be most effective for you.
The initial step of any plan is to treat the underlying cause of PAH. For instance, if chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the cause, treating that condition will also improve pulmonary hypertension. However, some individuals require additional assistance to improve their breathing and lower their pulmonary blood pressure.
To help you choose a treatment plan, your doctor will assess the severity of your symptoms and the extent to which your disease prevents you from engaging in physical activity.
Treatments for PAH
These operate in several ways. Some allow for easier blood flow through the pulmonary arteries, while others improve heart and lung function. You can take them as pills, inhaled medications, intravenous medications, or topical medications.
Calcium channel blockers are medications that reduce blood pressure by relaxing the artery-controlling muscles. Before prescribing these medications, your physician will conduct a vasodilator test to determine how well they dilate your blood vessels.
Digoxin is a daily pill that strengthens the heartbeat, which can be beneficial if your PAH is caused by heart failure or an irregular heart rhythm. The difficulty with this drug is determining the proper dosage. If you consume too much, you may experience nausea, vision changes, and irregular heartbeats.
Warfarin (Coumadin) thins the blood to prevent clot formation, which can exacerbate PAH. However, it can also cause easy bruising and bleeding.
Medications known as diuretics that remove excess fluid from the body can improve heart and lung function and alleviate PAH symptoms. These pills are typically taken once or twice per day. If you take diuretics, your doctor may order periodic blood tests to monitor for dehydration, low blood pressure, chemical imbalances in the blood, and kidney problems.
Other PAH medications reduce pulmonary artery blood pressure
By maintaining open blood vessels or preventing their constriction. These consist of:
Sildenafil (Revatio, Viagra)
Tadalafil (Adcirca, Cialis)
The most dependable medications cenforce 150 and Vidalista 20 are accessible online. Cenforce contains sildenafil and vidalista 20 contains tadalafil. Males are treated with both hypertension (PAH) and erectile dysfunction.
Vasodilators are medications that dilate blood vessels,
But some have a brief duration of action. To deliver a steady dose of the most common one, epoprostenol (Flolan, Veletri), a small battery-powered pump is required. The pump delivers medication through a thin IV tube, and it is worn as a belt or shoulder pack. Expect to spend a few days in the hospital to learn how to use the pump and have it installed. Treprostinil is a subcutaneous (under the skin) formulation of these medications (Remodulin).
Other vasodilators include inhalable medications such as iloprost (Ventavis) and treprostinil (Tyvaso). They go directly to the lungs and relieve shortness of breath quickly. You will be given a nebulizer, a device that vaporises these medications and allows you to breathe them in, to administer them. Iloprost may be administered six to nine times daily. Tyvaso can be administered four times per day orally, intravenously, or subcutaneously.
Some individuals with PAH require oxygen therapy to ensure adequate oxygen levels in the blood. You inhale the gas through a face mask or nasal prongs. It is especially beneficial for those with sleep apnea or who reside at high altitudes. Some people with PAH eventually require round-the-clock oxygen therapy.
If you have severe PAH or if medications do not alleviate your symptoms, your physician may recommend one of the following procedures:
To reduce the pressure on one side of the heart, a surgeon creates an opening between the upper chambers of the left and right sides of the heart. This procedure can have severe side effects, so physicians rarely recommend it.
Lung and heart transplants are recommended for patients who have tried unsuccessfully to treat their disease with medication and whose condition is deteriorating.
A transplant can improve your quality of life, but it is a major operation. It may take several months to fully recover. Although you may not require PAH medications, you will need to take drugs for the rest of your life to prevent your body from rejecting the new organs. Before undergoing this treatment, you should consult your physician about the trade-off between benefits and risks.